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About Kumoaun


The Kumoaun region consists of a large Himalayan tract, together with two submontane strips called the Terai and the Bhabhar. The submontane strips were up to 1850 an almost impenetrable forest, given up to wild animals; but after 1850 the numerous clearings attracted a large population from the hills, who cultivated the rich soil during the hot and cold seasons, returning to the hills in the rains. The rest of Kumoaun is a maze of mountains, part of the Himalaya range, some of which are among the loftiest known. In a tract not more than 225 km in length and 65 km in breadth there are over thirty peaks rising to elevations exceeding 5500 m.

The rivers like Gori, Dhauli, and Kali rise chiefly in the southern slope of the Tibetan watershed north of the loftiest peaks, amongst which they make their way down valleys of rapid declivity and extraordinary depth. The principal are the Sharda (Kali Ganga), the Pindari and Kailganga, whose waters join the Alaknanda. The river Sharda (Kali Ganga) forms the international boundary between India and Nepal. The pilgrim route currently used to visit Kailash-Mansarovar, goes along this river and crosses into Tibet at Lipu Lekh pass.

Almora Tourism :
Nature's Munificence - Of the three districts of Kumoaun, Almora occupies a central location. Being further away from the plains than Nainital, this district provides tranquil spots where one can enjoy the mountain air without jostling against milling holiday-makers. The town of Almora (1646 m), lies along a saddle-ridge amidst a lush amphitheatre of terraced slopes. Overlooking the arterial Mall, where the bus terminus, shops selling bal mithai (a famous milk confection of Kumoaun), and private lodges and restaurants are located, is flattish bowl-the virtual picture of fertility with its canals, hamlets and the foaming Kosi river.

Beyond and behind the ridge lie tiers of hills and dales, edged ultimately by a Himalayan panorama. Unlike Shimla, Nainital and Ranikhet - north Indian hill stations discovered and patronized by the British. Almora is truly Indian hill resort. It was founded by Raja Kalyan Chand in 1560 (he shifted his capital here from Champawati).

There is Mohan Joshi Park, a favorite picnic ground close to the Mall. Bright End Corner, 2 km away, commands a grand view of the Himalayas - particularly spectacular at dawn and dusk. Deer Park and Simtola (both 3km away) offer lush environs. Kalimath (5km) is famed for its scenic grandeur and a panoramic view of Almora town. A kilometre from here is Kasar Devi temple, worth a visit for its superb surroundings.

 


Temples

Temples
Almora has many noted temples, including Kasar Devi, Nanda Devi, Doli Daana, Shyayi Devi,Khakmara, Asht Bhairav, Jakhandevi, Katarmal (Sun Temple), Pataal Devi, Raghunath Mandir, Badreshwar, Banari Devi, Chitai, Jageshwar, Binsar Mahadev, Garhnath and Baijnath. Kasar Devi temple was visited by Swami Vivekananda and this area also has a Chabad House.[7] Rudreshwar Mahadev Temple, near Sanara Ganiya, is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated beside the river Ram Ganga. A sun temple (only the second in the world) is located at Katarmal within a short distance from the town. The famous temple of Manila Devi, Devi Maa, the family goddess of the Katyuri clan, lies around 85 km from Ranikhet. Udaipur a famous temple of Golu devta is situated 5 km. from Binta near Dwarahat. Dunagiri .has the highly revered temple of Shakti or Mother Goddess. Dunagiri is also known as the birthplace of modern day Kriya Yoga.


Geography

Geography
Almora is located at 29.62°N 79.67°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 1,651 metres (5,417 feet). It is located on a ridge at the southern edge of the Kumaon Hills of the Himalaya range. In the shape of a horse saddle shaped hillock, it is surrounded by thick forests of pine and fir trees. Flowing alongside the city are rivers of Koshi, (Kaushiki), and Suyal (Salmale). The snow capped Himalayas can be seen in the background.Almora got its name from "Kilmora" a short plant found nearby region. during olden days people living near Almora plug Kilmora plant for washing the utensils of "Katarmal Temple". Soon the people bringing Kilmora were called Kilmori and later "Almori". So the place from where Almori comes came to be known as "Almora"


Deer Park

Deer Park
Deer Park, positioned 3 km from Almora, is situated in Narayan Tiwari Dewai (NTD). The place is characteristic of rich natural beauty, with the cluster of pine trees marking its narrow path. Tourists visiting Almora often come to this park.


Kalimath

Kalimath
Kalimath, situated at a distance of 5 km from Almora, is a beautiful picnic spot often frequented by tourists visiting Almora. On the one hand, this spot offers a commanding view of the Himalayan peaks, while picturesque views of Almora town can be witnessed on the other


Jageshwar

Jageshwar
Close to the city of Almora, Jageshwar is known to be one of the 12 mythological abodes of Jyothirlingas. This beautiful place has more importance as the holy rivers Nandini and Surabhi converge at this panoramic spot.

This holy spot is also known for over 124 shrines while the main temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is the main attraction here.

The Jageshwar Temple complex with over 140 shrines is dated to be built approximately between the 8th to 18th centuries AD and showcases the craftsmanship of the eras. Surrounded by breathtakingly beautiful landscapes and verdant greenery, the pristine ambience reverberates with chiming bells and holy mantras. The legends and myths associated with the main temple complex makes it even more endearing that before.


Chati Temple

Chati Temple
Chaiti Temple, located 6 km from Almora, is a sacred temple devoted to the mythological and historical God of the Kumaon region, Golu Devata. Perched on a hilltop, this temple was constructed in the 12th century by a general belonging to the Chand dynasty.


Bright End Corner

Bright End Corner
Bright End Corner, situated 2 km away from Almora is a vantage point offering best views of the sunrise and sunset over the snow clad peaks. It is situated at the end of Almora ridge, and offers a panoramic view of the magnificent Himalayas as well. Named after Mr. Brighton, the Bright End Corner.


Katarmal

Katarmal
Katarmal Sun Temple, situated 16 km northwest of Almora, is one of the famous historical places of Kumaon hills in Uttaranchal. Dating back 800 years, this temple is second in importance, the first being the Sun Temple of Konark in Orissa.


About Baijnath Temple Kausani

About Baijnath Temple Kausani
Baijnath is located at a distance of 16 km from the town of Kausani, in the Katyuri Valley. Lying in the ancient town of Baijnath, the town is historically and religiously significant. Once known as Kartikyapura, Baijnath was the capital of the Katyuri dynasty of kings who ruled Uttaranchal during 12th and 13th centuries. Constructed in the 12th century, the Baijnath Temple holds significance. This is because, according to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva and Parvati were married at the confluence of River Gomati and Garur Ganga.

Located at an elevation of 1,125 m above sea level, the town is famous for its temples of Shiva, Ganesh and Parvati, along with those of Chandika, Kuber, Surya and Brahma. Temple of Maheshsur Mardini portrays the slaying of the bull-headed deon by the Goddess Kali. On the banks of the Gomti River, in the Garur Valley, Baijnath Temple is located. At a distance of 3 km from the town, Kote-ke-mai temple is located. This temple is famous for the sculpted statue of Vishnu, who is the presiding deity of the temple.


Kausani Tea Estate Kausani

Kausani Tea Estate Kausani
Kausani Tea Estate is located at a distance of 5 km from the main town. Most important industry nearby Kausani, it is spread over an area of 208 hectares in 21 divisions. Giria's Uttaranchal Tea is produced from this plantation. Located on the Bageshwar Road, at an elevation between 1,200 and 1,800 m above the sea level, the tea garden of Kausani is being developed as a tea-base for the entire state.

Only destination away from the traditional tea plantation areas in India that produces organic orthodox tea, Kausani exports its high-flavoured tea to many countries, including Australia, Germany, Korea and the United States. With the help of an experienced guide, tourists can go through all the tea manufacturing process.